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Bihar Govt.

      Rural Water Supply and Sanitation Project for Low Income States
IEC Warehouse

     In order to ensure sanitation facilities in rural areas with the broader goal to eradicate the practice of open defecation, a comprehensive programme called ‘Total Sanitation Campaign’ was launched by Rajiv Gandhi National Drinking Water Mission, Government of India to cover all households with water and sanitation facilities and promote hygiene behaviour for overall improvement of health and sanitation in rural areas. The programme is demand-driven and people-centered based on the principle “From low to No subsidy”. A nominal subsidy in the form of incentive is given to the rural poor households for construction of toilets.  The key intervention areas have been identified as Individual Household Latrines (IHHL), School Sanitation & Hygiene Education, Community Sanitary Complex and Anganwadi Toilets. The Scheme laid strong emphasis on Information, Education and Communication (IEC), capacity building and hygiene education for effective behaviour change, with the involvement of PRIs, Community Based Organizations (CBOs), NGOs, etc.
The Scheme has now been renamed as ‘Nirmal Bharat Abiyan’ (NBA) and revised guidelines have been issued by Government of India. The salient features of the revised guidelines are:

  • Accelerating the sanitation coverage in the rural areas is advocated so as to comprehensively cover the rural community through saturation approach to create Nirmal Gram Panchayats.
  • Implementation of NBA is proposed with ‘Village Panchayat’ as the base unit. Village Panchayats where all habitations have access to water are to be taken up on priority.
  • Accelerate sanitation coverage in rural areas to achieve the vision of Nirmal Bharat by 2022 with all Village Panchayats in the Country attaining Nirmal status.
  • Incentive as provided under the scheme for construction of Individual Household Latrines (IHHL) has been extended to all Below Poverty Line (BPL) Households and Above Poverty Line Households (APL) restricted to SCs/STs, Small and Marginal farmers, Landless Labourers with homestead, Differently Abled and Women Headed households.
  • The incentive amount for construction of one unit of IHHL has been increased from Rs.3,200 to Rs.4600 (Rs.5100 for difficult and hilly areas). The Central share out of this is Rs.3200 (Rs.3700 in case of hilly and difficult areas) and State Government share is Rs.1400.  Minimum beneficiary share shall be Rs.900. 
  • The schools which are not yet covered under SSA and Anganwadi Centres in the rural areas will be provided with proper sanitation facilities and proactive promotion of hygiene education and sanitary habits among students will be undertaken.
  • Appropriate convergence with MGNREGS has been provided.
  • All houses constructed by the beneficiaries  under Indira Awas Yojana (IAY) or any other State rural housing Scheme which did not have toilets shall also be eligible for the incentive for creation of  sanitation facilities.
  • Solid and Liquid Waste Management (SLWM) may be taken in the proposed and existing Nirmal Gram Panchayats. The total assistance under NBA for SLWM projects shall be worked out on the basis of total number of households in each Village Panchayat, subject to a maximum of:
    • Rs.7  lakh upto 150 households.
    • Rs.12 lakh upto 300 households.
    • Rs.15 lakh upto 500 households and
    • Rs.20 lakh for a Village Panchayat having more than 500 Households

         The sharing of cost among the Centre, State and Beneficiary contribution is as follows:


Govt. of India Share

Govt. of Bihar Share








School Toilet





Anganwadi Toilet





Sanitary Complex





Solid Liquid Waste Management 





Individual Household Latrines (IHHL) 
The main objectives are as under:

  • Bring about an overall improvement in the   general quality of life in the rural areas
  • Accelerate sanitation coverage in rural areas
  • Generate felt-demand for sanitation facilities through awareness creation and health education
  • Eliminate open defecation to minimize risk of contamination of drinking water sources and food
  • Convert dry latrines to pour flush latrines and eliminate manual scavenging practice, wherever in existence in rural areas.

Implementation of Sanitation Works in Convergence with Mahatma Gandhi National Rural Employment Guarantee Scheme (MGNREGS)

Government of India issued detailed guidelines for taking up works relating to access to sanitation facilities under MGNREGS in June-September, 2012.  Accordingly, detailed guidelines was issued by the State Government permitting convergence of MGNREGS with Nirmal  Bharat Abhiyan (NBA),  for construction of Individual Household Latrine (IHHL) and taking up Solid and Liquid Waste Management. 

Activities that are permitted for providing sanitation facilities in the rural areas under MGNREGS

  • In the construction of Individual Household latrines under NBA, a maximum of 20 persondays of unskilled labour and 6 persondays of skilled labour component are permitted under MGNREGS.

  • Solid and Liquid Waste Management works like Compost Pits, Earthen Drains, Soak Pits, Recharge Pits and Jungle Clearance including Parthenium weed eradication can be taken up in the proposed or completed Nirmal Gram Panchayats.

Construction of Individual Household Latrine (IHHL)
Unit Cost and Type Design

The Unit Cost for each Individual Household Latrine is as follows:


Central Share*

Rs. 3,200/-


State Share              

Rs. 1,400/-


Beneficiary Contribution

Rs.   900/-


Unit cost under NBA

Rs. 5,500/-


 Assistance from       MGNREGS

Rs. 5,400/-


Total Unit Cost


The Type Design for the construction of IHHL, detailed estimate and Ready Reckoner of Labour component for toilet leach pit/septic tank and model Nominal Muster Roll (NMR) to be used for construction of each IHHL, have been issued. 

Eligibility for availing incentive/ assistance under NBA/ MGNREGS for construction of IHHL

  • Below Poverty Line (BPL) Household;
  • Above Poverty Line (APL) households restricted to SCs/STs, Small and Marginal farmers, Landless labourers with homestead, Differently Abled and Women headed households. Households under these categories should be identified by a Committee comprising of Block Development Officer (Village Panchayats), Deputy Block Development Officer (Adi-Dravidar Welfare) and Village Panchayat President concerned and  the list prepared by the Committee should be approved by the Grama Sabha;
  • All houses constructed under Indira Awaas Yojana (IAY) or Chief Minister’s Solar Powered Green House Programme or any other Central/State housing scheme shall also be eligible for IHHL under Nirmal Bharat Abhiyan (NBA) and MGNREGS;

However, the households which have availed the benefit of IHHL under TSC/NBA or already have a toilet shall not be eligible for assistance /incentive.

Sanction of works

A combined list of all the eligible beneficiaries from a Village Panchayat desirous of constructing Individual Household latrines (IHHL) shall be prepared. The District Programme Coordinator/ Deputy Development Commissioner will issue the administrative sanction under MGNREGS for all the IHHLs that are approved by Grama Sabha for the year, clearly indicating the labour  portion under MGNREGS  and the material portion to be converged from NBA.
Execution of IHHL works

The Village Panchayat is the implementing Agency.
Only Job Card holders will be employed for the unskilled part of the work. For IHHL, it is necessary that the beneficiary also works on his/her IHHL. If the beneficiary does not hold a job card, he/she should apply for one. However, this condition will be relaxed in the case of Differently Abled and Women headed households if there are no other adult  members in the household (for both the categories) and in the case of Women headed households, the age of the head of the household is more than 60 years.
One designated worker is deployed for every 15-25 IHHLs (depending upon the geographical spread of the IHHLs) proposed to be taken up in a Village Panchayat at one time. 
The designated worker will be responsible for the following:

  • Maintain the Nominal Muster Roll for all the IHHLs in the Village Panchayat/Habitation   assigned to him / her. 
  • Record attendance for skilled and unskilled labour. 
  • Ensure that the construction is atleast as per the approved design and will certify to that effect.

Solid and Liquid Waste Management

Solid and Liquid Waste Management (SLWM) works are to be taken up in the Village Panchayats which have already got Nirmal Gram Puraskar Awards or those Village Panchayats that have been proposed as Nirmal Grams under saturation approach during the year. Among the Nirmal Gram Puraskar awarded Village Panchayats, those Village Panchayats which are poor in Solid and Liquid Waste Management should be taken up on a priority basis.
The Village Panchayat concerned will be the Implementing Agency.
The SLWM project in each habitation of the Village Panchayat will be treated as an independent work and muster roll issued accordingly.
The Nominal Muster Rolls (NMRs) that are being used at present for the regular MGNREGS works shall also be used for SLWM works.
For each of the works in a habitation, one worker shall be designated to supervise the work and he / she shall be paid Rs.132/- per day. He/She shall do the following activities:

  • Allocating the works in the order of priority; 
  • Allocating the workers for each of the activity;
  • Pre-marking in the case of Compost Pit, Earthen Drain and Soak Pits, etc.; 
  • Ensuring necessary slope/gradient during the execution of Earthen Drain works so that the flow of liquid waste is not affected and could be properly discharged at the disposal point; 
  • Maintenance of NMR and recording of attendance; and 
  • Handing over of NMR with all required Abstracts to the Panchayat Secretary.

Contractor is not allowed and machine shall not be deployed in the SLWM works.

Solid Waste Management

Compost pit for depositing bio-degradable waste and Jungle Clearance including Parthenium weed eradication are the main activities that can be taken up with assistance under MGNREGS for Solid Waste Management in the selected Village Panchayat.

School Sanitation and Hygiene Education

Children are more receptive to new ideas and hence the most appropriate institutions are Anganwadis / schools where sanitation education can be effectively imparted to change the behaviour, mind set and habits of the children from open defecation to the use of toilets.  The experience gained by children through use of toilets in school and sanitation education imparted by teachers would also reach home and influence their parents to adopt good sanitary habits.  School sanitation, therefore, forms an integral part of the NBA project.  Toilets in Anganwadis and in all types of Government schools, i.e. primary, secondary and higher secondary, are constructed under the Scheme.  Emphasis is given for toilets in girl schools.
All activities with regard to the provision of sanitation and hygiene education in Anganwadis and Schools will be done in tandem with Social Welfare and School Education Departments.  This Government has ensured that all Anganwadis and Schools in the State are provided with toilets.
Funding for School Sanitation in a NBA project is shared between the Central Government and State Government in the ratio of 70:30. 
The Schools listed by School Education Department have also been verified and 2057 Schools where toilets are not available have been covered as per the directions of the Hon’ble Supreme Court.

Anganwadi Toilets 

It is essential to use Anganwadi as a platform for behavioural change among children attending it as well as the mothers.  Each Anganwadi is provided with a baby friendly toilet.

Community Sanitary Complex

The Community Sanitary Complex is an important component of the NBA and the Complexes are set up in any place in the village, which is acceptable to the stakeholders and accessible to them.  The Village Panchayat and the User Groups are expected to own the ultimate responsibility or make alternative arrangements at the village level for the maintenance of the Complex.
The sharing pattern amongst the Government of India, State Government and the Community is in the ratio of 60:30:10.  The Village Panchayat also can make the community contribution.

Rural Sanitary Marts (RSM)

Rural Sanitary Mart is a commercial venture with a social objective. Rural Sanitary Mart is an outlet for dealing with the materials required for the construction of the sanitary latrines and also the sanitary facilities required for individuals, families and the environment in the rural areas.  The main aim of having RSM is to provide materials, services and guidance needed for constructing different types of latrines and other sanitary facilities, which are technically and financially suitable to the area.  The RSM may be opened and operated by NGOs, SHGs, Women Organisations, Panchayats, etc. 

Envisioning Open Defecation Free   Bihar by 2015.

One of the core themes of the Mission Manav Vikas Bihar 2022 aims at providing the best infrastructure services in India in terms of universal access to water and sanitation. The agenda of Mission Manav Vikas mandated department to adopt a multi-pronged strategy to ensure the goal of an open defecation free Bihar by 2022 and organize all stakeholders into a mass movement to root out this practice.
The first and foremost task is to identify the sanitation gaps in the rural areas through a “Baseline Survey” and address the issues in a phased manner to achieve the goal of Open Defecation Free (ODF) Tamil Nadu by 2022.  As per the guidelines issued by Government of India under Nirmal Bharat Abhiyan, the process of Baseline Survey has already been initiated for the preparation of Revised Project Implementation Plan (PIP).  This Plan will provide the basis and act as a guide post for implementation of Sanitation Programmes and ultimately attain the ODF Status.
Nirmal Bharat Abhiyan has made provisions for engagement of Swachhata Doot who will motivate the village community through interpersonal communication and door to door contact to attain the programme goals. The image of Swachhata Doot is to be projected in the Village Panchayat as a high profile key functionary and a link between the Village Panchayat and the Block Panchayat/District Administration.  Bihar State Water and Sanitation Mission has identified the members of Panchayat Level Federations, Community Professionals, etc., who have shown exemplary aptitude towards sanitation during the course of training programmes and also possess the requisite qualification and skills for the position of Swachhata Doots.  Considering the role and responsibilities visualised in the guidelines, they would be in a better position to exert the peer group pressure that is required to inculcate good sanitary practices among the rural folk.  Hence necessary action has been initiated to induct them as Sanitation Messengers at Village Panchayat level.


    Annual Report
    Audio/Video Spots
    Informatory Booklets

State Water Policy

    Proposed Draft for Drinking     Water & Sanitation I
    Proposed Draft for Drinking     Water and Sanitation II

Instruction and Notification

    Department Letter .
    Allotment Letter .
    Expression of Interest .
    Surrender Format .
   Scheme for Draught    Area  
    Appointment Letter  
    Sanctioning Order of     Water Supply Schemes  


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